Regulation of Organic Wine in the European Union: The New Legal Framework from 2022 F. Javier Melgosa Arcos 1 1. Introduction; 2. Background and Evolution; 2.1. EU action; 3. The Regulation of Ecological Production until 31 December 2021; 3.1. The 2007 Regulations on production and labelling of organic products and Regulations for the application of organic wine; 3.2. The 2012 Implementing Regulations on the application provisions relating to organic wine; 3.3. New Action Plan for the future of organic production in the European Union; 4. The New Regulation of Production of Organic Wine as of 1 January 2022; 4.1. General and specific principles; 4.2. Wine production standards; 4.3. Collecting, packaging, transport and storage; 4.4. Authorisation of products and substances for use in organic production; 4.5. Labelling; 4.6. Certification; 4.7. Official controls and other activities. 1. INTRODUCTION Organic wine is situated within the framework of organic farming, which is defined, in Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007, as “an overall system of farm management and food production that combines best environmental practices, a high level of biodiversity, the preservation of natural resources, the application of high animal welfare standards and a production method in line with the preference of certain consumers for products produced using natural substances and processes. The organic production method thus plays a dual societal role, where it on the one hand provides for a specific market responding to a consumer demand for organic products, and on the other hand delivers public goods contributing to the protection of the environment and animal welfare, as well as to rural development”. In short, organic wine – also called biological and organic – is characterised by putting into practice 1 Professor of Administrative Law, University of Salamanca ; firstname.lastname@example.org.