Wine Law

PROFESSIONAL ORGANISATION OF ARGENTINE VITICULTURE 441 dispatch, with no prejudice of market niches corresponding to the prices of high-quality wines. The drop on the relative prices affects more the small producers out of the market, with strong social impact in rural zones. Apart from the interdisciplinary complexities, it is worth considering that the Argentine Government establishes a federal system by which the power of the viticultural police is distributed between the Nation and the provinces. This involves an overlapping of different competent entities and ruling dispersion. Based on the exposed reasons, there are times when such responsibilities are handled either by the Nation or the provinces, as a consequence of the unity of goals and coordination of purposes. Those responsibilities of intervention for prosperity reasons or general well-being may be exercised by any jurisdiction on its own or collectively. In such way, the provinces may concurrently: a) encourage, limit or restrict the grapes plantations; b) promote the improvement of the varieties; c) delimit suitable areas and non-suitable areas for growth; d) establish rules about wine quality; e) regulate the formalities of the purchase contracts for the grape and the wine; f) establish rules for the promotion of fractioning systems; g) regulate the certification of wines by zones, types or techniques; and h) regulate the activities of the public entities that operate in the industry. III. CYCLIC CRISIS AND IDEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES Cyclic crisis severely affects the productive oases, and this is why the State has intervened in different ways with several regulatory mechanisms and various relative results. In the history of the Argentine Viticulture, structural conflicts have been repeated through time. Thus, we can refer to the Vintners Assembly of January 1917, held on the East of Mendoza where they analysed the viticulture crisis, increased by the Great War. At that moment, they urged for the intervention of the State to forbid new wine plantations, for the conversion to better quality varieties and the creation of local wineries to solve the dependence the producers had always had on the winemakers3. Such crisis and proposals are repeated with 3 Vid: Patricia Barrio de Villanueva (ed.), Crisis y Transformaciones en la Vitivinicultura Mendocina, 1890-1955, Mendoza, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras Editorial, 2010, pp. 125-193; and Patricia Barrio de Villanueva,